Detroit ddec 4 ecm wiring diagram. The First Step To Understanding A Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wir...

Page 18 12V or 24V power supply DDEC IV ECM: PWM#2 (Y1) EGR and P

If you own a Detroit Diesel Series 60 engine, you need this owners manual to learn how to operate and maintain it properly. This PDF file contains detailed instructions, diagrams, and specifications for your engine. Download it for free from Fitzgerald Glider Kits, the leading provider of glider kits and remanufactured engines.3.2.2 ECM PART NUMBERS Part numbers for DDEC III and IV ECMs are listed in Table 3-3. Part Number Description Voltage No. of Cylinders 23518645* DDEC III - Standard On-highway ECM 12/24 V 6 23518743 DDEC III - Universal ECM 12/24 V 8 23518744 DDEC III - Series 4000 ECM only 24 V 8 23519307 DDEC IV - Standard On-highway ECM 12 V 6Brett Martin September 5, 2023 Assortment of detroit diesel series 60 ecm wiring diagram it is possible to download free of charge. Please download these detroit diesel series 60 ecm wiring diagram by using the download button, or right click on selected image, then use Save Image menu. What is a Wiring Diagram?ecm connector ecm power connector ... ddec ii coolant level control module 4 39 p 2 29 key ... schematic - detroit diesel ddecii peterbilt 379 family having a time trying to find wiring diagrams for these trucks. changed out ddec v to ddec iv and having issues with no guages or throttle. Awesome Ddec V Wiring Diagram Contemporary Electrical Circuit And …ddc p/n: 12015323 cable seal p/n: 12015193 ecm secondary lock power secondary lock * fuse ignition digital input* diagnositc request ddec p/n: 15300014 connector p/n: 12052816 wire fuse n.o. and stop engine communication cavity no.4. 5. 6. Typical DDEC Ill foot pedals today, at idle, provide 102 — 205 counts. ... ECM WIRE NO. 916 417 952 LIMITING SPEED GOVERNOR THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR ... test ECM or contact Detroit Diesel Technical Service. 988 555 916 419 509 439 451 556 557 542 544 499 545 523 524 115 541 505 583 979The Detroit Diesel Series 60 DDEC III, IV, V, VI Wiring Diagrams are also known as Electrical Schematics or Circuit Diagrams. The wiring diagrams cover both …Mar 3, 2000 · Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC) Wiring. See Fig. 1 for a full view of the Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC) II wiring diagram. See Fig. 2. of the DDEC II wiring diagram. See Fig. 4 for a full. side). See Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 for partial (detailed) (the engine side). See Fig. 7 for a full view of the. Detroit did, however, make the switch from two boxes to just one. It also came with a cruise control option that made for a more economical engine. The ECM had more functionality and could actuate the solenoids. 3. DDEC III. The release of the DDEC III brought improved horsepower. The system switched from a 12-volt to a dual-voltage ECM. Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk wiring 12.7 14L DDEC IV, 3.78 MB, 02:45, 32,122, Bob Brenner,...May 22, 2019 · Section 2.17.4Installation of DDEC II Electronic Control Module. Perform the following steps for ECM installation:‪. Install the cold plate on the ECM, if so equipped. Tighten the screws securing the cold plate to the ECM. Use Loctite® 262, or equivalent, on the cold plate-to-ECM screws. Torque to 9.5-12 N·m (84-106 lb·in.). Wiring Diagram (engine-harness side) ‘40014 Heavy Duty Tasks Savice Manual, Supplemont 23, Decomber 1099, Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC®) Wiring 54.17 Specifications A --— Fig.6 \2 omen a & Las _— oaisiee sssor2t Fig. 5, Detroit Diesel Series 50 and 60 Engines With DDEC Ill Wiring Diagram (enlarged portion of Figure 4) Heavy …May 22, 2019 · Section 2.17.4Installation of DDEC II Electronic Control Module. Perform the following steps for ECM installation:‪. Install the cold plate on the ECM, if so equipped. Tighten the screws securing the cold plate to the ECM. Use Loctite® 262, or equivalent, on the cold plate-to-ECM screws. Torque to 9.5-12 N·m (84-106 lb·in.). Ddec II ECM diagrams are complex and contain hundreds of parts. It's important to properly interpret the diagram in order to correctly diagnose and repair …Using a Ddec II Detroit 2 ECM Wiring Diagram can greatly simplify the process of locating and correcting any problems within the electrical system of your vehicle. Not only does this type of diagram provide a comprehensive overview of the entire system, but it also allows for more precise trouble shooting and maintenance due to its detailed …Detroit did, however, make the switch from two boxes to just one. It also came with a cruise control option that made for a more economical engine. The ECM had more functionality and could actuate the solenoids. 3. DDEC III. The release of the DDEC III brought improved horsepower. The system switched from a 12-volt to a dual-voltage ECM. The fan status is correct according to what the ECM/ECU is requesting.‪ If you believe the fan state should be different, review the DDEC V Application and Installation manual, available on the DDC extranet, for information on fan control configuration.‪ Section 20.8.4 Check Input StatusJan 8, 2020 · 217. Series 60 DDEC IV My2003 EGR Engine Sensor Harness and Vehicle Interface Harness (page 1).png. File size: 362.3 KB. Views: 161. Series 60 DDEC IV My2003 EGR Engine Sensor Harness and Vehicle Interface Harness (page 2).png. File size: 405.7 KB. HARDWARE AND WIRING 3.2.1 ECM PART NUMBERS Part numbers for DDEC IV ECMs are listed in Table 3-3. Part Number Description Voltage No. of Cylinders 23519307 DDEC IV - Standard On-highway ECM 12 V 6 23519308 DDEC IV - Universal ECM 12/24 V 8 Table 3-3 ECM Part Numbers for DDEC IV The part numbers for the ECM connectors are listed in Table 3-4.Apr 29, 2019 - Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram Ddec V Injector Wiring Diagram Wiring Library E280a2 Of Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram At Ddec Vi Wiring Diagram, best images Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram Ddec V Injector Wiring Diagram Wiring Library E280a2 Of Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram At Ddec Vi Wiring Diagram Added on Wiring Diagram – …The Detroit Diesel Series 60 DDEC III, IV, V, VI Wiring Diagrams are also known as Electrical Schematics or Circuit Diagrams. The wiring diagrams cover both the Series 60 engine harness and Series 60 vehicle interface harness. List of files in the Detroit Series 60 Wiring Diagram. The wiring diagrams you sent me are not the ones I was looking for.The thought of wiring up a Detroit 2 ECM system can be intimidating for any vehicle owner, but Ddec II Detroit 2 ECM wiring diagram can help. It explains the simple steps for connecting a Detroit 2 ECM to your vehicle’s onboard computer and turning it into a powerful engine-management system. With this advanced system, owners can …Wiring Diagram (engine-harness side) ‘40014 Heavy Duty Tasks Savice Manual, Supplemont 23, Decomber 1099, Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC®) Wiring 54.17 Specifications A --— Fig.6 \2 omen a & Las _— oaisiee sssor2t Fig. 5, Detroit Diesel Series 50 and 60 Engines With DDEC Ill Wiring Diagram (enlarged portion of Figure 4) Heavy ... Page 71 SERIES 60 EGR TECHNICIAN'S GUIDE NOTE: The default folder that snapshot files are saved in is C:\Detroit Diesel\Diagnostic and have a file extension of .ddl. 3. Highlight the file you wish to open with one click of the left mouse button. The selected file name will now appear in the File Name box.Wiring Diagrams-3 - View presentation slides online. ... ECM Connector A. Crankshaft Engine Speed Signal 47 CES Signal C Crankshaft Engine ... Detroit - DDEC III & IV.series 60. Detroit - DDEC III & IV.series 60. Vicente Gómez Jr. Cummins - …Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk wiring 12.7 14L DDEC IV, 3.78 MB, 02:45, 32,122, Bob Brenner,...Factory Detroit Diesel DD15 ECM wire diagram. Shows ECM & wiring to and from the ECM. Includes connections, wires, sensors, input & controlled devices. Excellent for diagnostics. If you are the guy that performs electrical work on the engine, this wire diagram is for you. Made of flexible plastic in order to endure many years of service.Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC®) Wiring 54.17 Specifications See Fig. 1 for a full view of the Detroit Diesel Elec- tronic Controls (DDEC) II wiring diagram. See Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 for partial (detailed) views of the full view of the DDEC II wiring diagram. See Fig. 4 for a full view of the DDEC III wiring diagram (the engine side). ® ddec v wiring diagram pin no. wire color description pin no 1 color wht description inj common 1,2,3 grommet assembly ddc responsibility 2 wht inj common 4,5,6 e-1 blk egr hydraulic valve control e-2 wht air temp 3 wht inj 1 e-67 wht 1 e-66 wht 1 e-68 wht 1 e-64 wht 1 e-65 wht 1 e-63 wht 1 inj inj inj inj inj inj e-3 – spare 4 whtConector de Ecm Detroit 60 - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. isx ... DDEC V Electronics A&I Manual Printed Sat Nov 03 2018 06:39:43 GMT-0500 ... ABZ 4.2V8 Wiring diagram. ABZ 4.2V8 Wiring diagram. Kosssx. Chf100a Manual v1.0 En. Chf100a Manual v1.0 En.Fig. 5, Detroit Diesel Series 50 and 60 Engines With DDEC III Wiring Diagram (enlarged portion of Figure 4) Heavy-Duty Trucks Service Manual, Supplement 23, December 1999. 400/5 54.17 Specications. Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC) Wiring. Fig. 5. Reference Diagram: D0621255 Chg. Ltr. C. 02/16/94. f540722. Fig. 6, Detroit Diesel Series ...May 22, 2019 · Remove the two (2) wire and three (3) wire harness connections at the ECM. Remove the two 30-pin connectors. Remove the through-bolts holding the ECM to the engine. Remove the ECM and cold plate from the engine, if so equipped. Remove the screws securing the cold plate to the ECM. Remove the cold plate from the ECM, if so equipped. Section 2.16.3 Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk … Written By author Thursday, October 13, 2022 Edit. List Of Invasion Of Chaos Booster Box 2022. List Of Invasion Of Chaos Booster Box 2022 . Magic the gathering trading cards …Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk … Written By admin Thursday, October 6, 2022 Edit. Awasome Power Wheels 12V Wiring Diagram Ideas. Awasome Power Wheels 12V Wiring Diagram Ideas . Check the owner’s manual to see…Ddec II ECM diagrams are complex and contain hundreds of parts. It's important to properly interpret the diagram in order to correctly diagnose and repair …ddec iv oem wiring diagram. uploaded by tavoto801290. label coolant level limiting speed governor (power take-off control) check engine light ignition digital input e-1 digital output f-3 tachometer drive stop. ... (rev. 10/01) 7sa742 0110 copyright 2001 detroit diesel corporation. b a. vehicle speed sensor. connector ddc p/n: 12129615 terminal ...Detroit did, however, make the switch from two boxes to just one. It also came with a cruise control option that made for a more economical engine. The ECM had more functionality and could actuate the solenoids. 3. DDEC III. The release of the DDEC III brought improved horsepower. The system switched from a 12-volt to a dual-voltage ECM. ® ddec v wiring diagram pin no. wire color description pin no 1 color wht description inj common 1,2,3 grommet assembly ddc responsibility 2 wht inj common 4,5,6 e-1 blk egr hydraulic valve control e-2 wht air temp 3 wht inj 1 e-67 wht 1 e-66 wht 1 e-68 wht 1 e-64 wht 1 e-65 wht 1 e-63 wht 1 inj inj inj inj inj inj e-3 – spare 4 whtSep 8, 2018 · One thing missing on the schematic is jake brake wiring. It only shows the ecm wire 508 and how it actuates the jake brake relay. I see the ddec 2 system used a ecm for jake brake control of high med and low. I also saw somewhere that they also used a relay set up and I could not find a schematic for that anywhere. 30 Way ECM Connector R-3 P-1 L-1 W-1 Y-2 N-2 T-1 T-2 S-1 S-2 Y-1 W-2 X-2 S-3 T-3 X-1 Y-3 X-3 W-3 (See Page 5) PWM Out #2 PWM Out #4 Engine Brake Med Engine Brake Med Time Input Digital Output Y-3 Digital Output X-3 Digital Output W-3 DDEC III/IV Wiring Diagram Page 2 of 6 B C epcatalogs.com Laminated factory Detroit Diesel DDEC 6 wire diagram. Shows ECM & wiring to & from the ECM. Includes connections, wires, injectors, sensors, input & controlled devices. Excellent for diagnostics. If you are the guy that performs electrical work on the engine, this wire diagram is for you. Made of flexible plastic in order to endure many years ...Laminated factory Detroit Diesel DDEC 6 wire diagram. Shows ECM & wiring to & from the ECM. Includes connections, wires, injectors, sensors, input & controlled devices. Excellent for diagnostics. If you are the guy that performs electrical work on the engine, this wire diagram is for you. Made of flexible plastic in order to endure many years ...Remove the two (2) wire and three (3) wire harness connections at the ECM. Remove the two 30-pin connectors. Remove the through-bolts holding the ECM to the engine. Remove the ECM and cold plate from the engine, if so equipped. Remove the screws securing the cold plate to the ECM. Remove the cold plate from the ECM, if so equipped. Section 2.16.3The engine-mounted ECM includes control logic to provide overall engine management. System diagnostic checks are made at igniti on on and continue throughout all engine operating modes. Sensors provide information to the ECM regarding various engine and vehicle performance characteristics. The information is used to regulate engine and... ECU to the interface module, and the wiring checks out. I have traced DDEC signals wires 903 and 557 (VSS open-collector and VSS return) ...See Fig. 1 for a full view of the Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC) II wiring diagram. See Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 for partial (detailed) ... Fig. 4, Detroit Diesel Series 50 and 60 Engines With DDEC III Wiring Diagram (engine-harness side) 400/4. Heavy-Duty Trucks Service Manual, Supplement 23, December 1999.Detroit Diesel The history of this family of diesel engines began even before World War II, when the 71-series 6-cylinder in-line diesel engine was introduced as the flagship product of the Detroit General Motors diesel engine division. Then, in 1957, a wider version appeared. Interestingly, the 71 series designation refers to the cubic capacity of one cylinder, measured in cubic inches. It ... Find an electric scooter wiring diagram on websites such as ElectricScooterParts.com and Wiringdiagrams21.com, as of 2015. The electrical system of a scooter contains several components including a controller, control connector, brake, powe...Factory Detroit Diesel DD15 ECM wire diagram. Shows ECM & wiring to and from the ECM. Includes connections, wires, sensors, input & controlled devices. Excellent for diagnostics. If you are the guy that performs electrical work on the engine, this wire diagram is for you. Made of flexible plastic in order to endure many years of service.The Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, pointers, and regularly asked questions are all readily available here. We created this page for people looking for a Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram. A …As one of the leading sources of Detroit 2 engine control module (ECM) wiring diagrams, Ddec II provides an essential tool to aid in maintenance and repair. The Detroit 2 ECM wiring diagram can be used to quickly and effortlessly identify the exact connections between the engine components. This includes data from both the sensors and the ECMs ...Mar 23, 2012 · 4. Loosen the wire harness connector hold-down screws, gently disengage connectors, and remove DDEC II ECM from vehicle. DDEC IV ECM Installation Conversion kit components are listed in Table 1. Refer to the Series 60 Service Manual and install parts as follows: 1. Install the Engine Sensor Harness (P/N: 23513558), included in the kit. See ... If you own a Detroit Diesel Series 60 engine, you need this owners manual to learn how to operate and maintain it properly. This PDF file contains detailed instructions, diagrams, and specifications for your engine. Download it for free from Fitzgerald Glider Kits, the leading provider of glider kits and remanufactured engines. The Overview of the EDRT - Remote Throttle System. The Engine Input Configuration Plug. The Dash Crane/Truck Switch & Chassis Harness Connections. The ECM Connector Wire Arrangement for Remote Throttle DDEC 3&4 Engine. The ECM Connector Wire Arrangement for Remote Throttle DDEC 5 Engine.Fig. 4, Detroit Diesel Series 50 and 60 Engines With DDEC III Wiring Diagram (engine-harness side) 400/4 Heavy-Duty Trucks Service Manual, Supplement 23, December 1999 The Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, pointers, and regularly asked questions are all readily available here. We created this page for people looking for a Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram. A wiring diagram will reveal you where the cables must be linked, so you do not have to presume.3.2.2 ECM PART NUMBERS Part numbers for DDEC III and IV ECMs are listed in Table 3-3. Part Number Description Voltage No. of Cylinders 23518645* DDEC III - Standard On-highway ECM 12/24 V 6 23518743 DDEC III - Universal ECM 12/24 V 8 23518744 DDEC III - Series 4000 ECM only 24 V 8 23519307 DDEC IV - Standard On-highway ECM 12 V 6 Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk wiring 12.7 14L DDEC IV, 3.78 MB, 02:45, 32,122, Bob Brenner,...Created Date: 1/24/2000 11:18:04 AMOct 26, 2021 · BryanC0506. TRC Master Service Tech. Associate of Applied Scienc... 216 satisfied customers. Series 60 Detroit trying to figure out my injector height. Series 60 Detroit trying to figure out my injector height Engine serial number is ***** on a freightliner Coronado truck vin is 3ALXFB009FDGD1387 … read more. Detroit Diesel DDEC Multi-ECM Troubleshooting Manual [PDF] 6.2Mb: Download: Detroit Diesel DDEC V Vehicle Interface Harness [PDF] 226.9kb: Download: Detroit Diesel DDEC VI On-Highway – Application and Installation [PDF] 5Mb: Download: Detroit Diesel Engine DDFP Series Service Manual [PDF] 1.3Mb: Download: Detroit Diesel Engine Series V-149 ...The first step to understanding a Detroit DDEC 4 ECM wiring diagram is to become familiar with the components of the diagram. The diagram consists of several components, including a power source, connectors, wires, and grounds. The power source is located at the top of the diagram and provides power to the various components of the …Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC®) Wiring 54.17 Specifications See Fig. 1 for a full view of the Detroit Diesel Elec- tronic Controls (DDEC) II wiring diagram. See Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 for partial (detailed) views of the full view of the DDEC II wiring diagram. See Fig. 4 for a full view of the DDEC III wiring diagram (the engine side).All Detroit service manuals are available for download in PDF format only – no printed book will be shipped. That means you get the manual you need without waiting, saving you time and money on repairs and maintenance for your Detroit engine. We carry a variety of Detroit service manuals for MBE 900, MBE 4000, Series 40, 50, 53, 60, DD13 ...Troubleshooting Guideand the DDEC V Single ECM Troubleshooting Guide. Series 60®, Detroit Diesel®, DDC®,DDEC ... the ignition wiring. 4. Operate the engine under similar load conditions. Check the fuel system for restrictions, primary filter, and fuel tanks for foreign objects blocking the fuel supply. ...CONNECTS TO VEHICLE WIRING TIMED INPUT PWM OUT 4 CONNECTS TO VEHICLE WIRING PWM OUT 2 CONNECTS TO VEHICLE WIRING YMMS: Oct 15, 2020 Engine: Detroit Diesel Series 60 DDEC III 6 CYL License: VIN: 2HSFHDZR1RC091353 Odometer: 1994 International 9000 Series - 9400Conector de Ecm Detroit 60 - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. isx ... DDEC V Electronics A&I Manual Printed Sat Nov 03 2018 06:39:43 GMT-0500 ... ABZ 4.2V8 Wiring diagram. ABZ 4.2V8 Wiring diagram. Kosssx. Chf100a Manual v1.0 En. Chf100a Manual v1.0 En.Remove the two (2) wire and three (3) wire harness connections at the ECM. Remove the two 30-pin connectors. Remove the through-bolts holding the ECM to the engine. Remove the ECM and cold plate from the engine, if so equipped. Remove the screws securing the cold plate to the ECM. Remove the cold plate from the ECM, if so …3.2.2 ECM PART NUMBERS Part numbers for DDEC III and IV ECMs are listed in Table 3-3. Part Number Description Voltage No. of Cylinders 23518645* DDEC III - Standard On-highway ECM 12/24 V 6 23518743 DDEC III - Universal ECM 12/24 V 8 23518744 DDEC III - Series 4000 ECM only 24 V 8 23519307 DDEC IV - Standard On-highway ECM 12 V 6Wiring Diagrams-3 - View presentation slides online. ... Page 4 of 9. ISX-CM570 (1999-2002) ECM Connector B ... Detroit - DDEC III & IV.series 60. Detroit - DDEC III ...Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk … Written By admi Friday, October 14, 2022 Edit. Ram Body Builder Wiring Diagram. Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk … Written By admi Thursday, October 13, 2022 Edit.wire no. 115 953 cavity a b 280 series metri-pack connector ddc p/n: 15300027 coolant level probe 3/8 in. nptf ddc p/n: 23520381 1/4 in. nptf ddc p/n: 23520380 9/16 in. nptf ddc p/n: 23522855 color orn blk/wht coolant level sensor stop engine light red rd check engine light yellow ye wire no. 509 419 +12/24vdc color ppl ppl/wht instrument panel ...Laminated factory Detroit DDEC 4 ECM wire diagram. For 2003 model year engine only. Shows ECM & wiring to & from the ECM. Includes connections, wires, sensors, input & …Detroit Ddec 4 Ecm Wiring Diagram, How to start a Series 60 Detroit Swap Mawk wiring 12.7 14L DDEC IV, 3.78 MB, 02:45, 32,122, Bob Brenner,...DDEC 2 ECM- Wiring Diagram - MHH AUTO - Page 1. Welcome to world's most trustworthy automotive forum. Latest News: suziki me17.6.51 DTC OFF Simos 6.2 Audi A6 C6 3.2FSI FILE SERVICE !!! ME7.5.10 EGR off and DTC help VW Passat 2016 Jungheinrich JETI ForkLift - Judit, ET, SH v4.37 latest update full isuzu egr off Jeep …. Detroit Series 60 ECM Anti Theft cage/armor Section 7.2.2 MBE DDEC Wiring Schematics. MBE 900/4000 DD 2 5/8 electric speedometer, 3 wire with green signal wire. 3 3/4 & 5 electronic speedometer. Print the wiring diagram off in addition to use highlighters to be able to trace the routine. When you employ your finger or even the actual circuit along with your eyes, it may be easy to. Discussion starter · #1 · sep 16, 2013.Detroit Diesel Electronic Controls (DDEC®) Wiring 54.17 Specifications See Fig. 1 for a full view of the Detroit Diesel Elec- tronic Controls (DDEC) II wiring diagram. See Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 for partial (detailed) views of the full view of the DDEC II wiring diagram. See Fig. 4 fora full view of the DDEC Ill wiring diagram (the engine side). Detroit Bench Harness for DDEC III & IV. Bench Factory Detroit Diesel DD15 ECM wire diagram. Shows ECM & wiring to and from the ECM. Includes connections, wires, sensors, input & controlled devices. Excellent for diagnostics. If you are the guy that performs electrical work on the engine, this wire diagram is for you. Made of flexible plastic in order to endure many years of service. MBE900_4000_VIH.PDF - DDEC for MBE900 and MBE4000 VEHICLE INTERFA...

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